Today there are many theories about the potential threat of artificial intelligence. The films in which the main villains are robots are becoming more numerous. But what do scientists and experts actually think about the ability of artificial intelligence?
On this list are the most famous theories and opinions of scientists about artificial intelligence:
On July 28, 2015, a group of tech giants, including Elon Musk, Stephen Hawking, and Noam Chomsky, wrote an open letter about the biggest threat from artificial intelligence – a arms race. These people describe the possibility of a third revolution in warfare, after gunpowder and nuclear weapons. On the one hand, autonomous weapons will reduce the number of soldiers killed. But on the other hand, military forces can begin a global arms race and create autonomous weapons that are capable of everything – from assassinations to genocide.
Unemployment due to artificial intelligence
Experts predict that unemployment will increase as we are now witnessing workers who are replaced by robots. But many of the industries seeking “knowledge” will suffer from this. Every day we see how artificial intelligence is slowly entering into medicine, law and architecture.
Artificial intelligence programmed for destruction
Associated with the previous theory, scientists are afraid that artificial intelligence with the ability to kill can be found in the wrong hands. The same group of people in the previous theory thinks that if such weapons are created, they will be more complicated and can not simply be turned off.
The rich history of science fiction made this theory one of the most famous. For those who do not know, the singularity is when artificial intelligence officially overcomes a person. This is the moment when machines are taking over the world. Although not quite realistic, Steven Hawking and Elon Mask have said they are afraid of this. However, Hawking is optimistic and believes that as long as the time comes for singularity, mankind will live out of the Earth.
Random destructive artificial intelligence
Experts believe that artificial intelligence is created to do good things, but sometimes bad to achieve its goal. Imagine that artificial intelligence is getting an order to make people not be hurt. To achieve the goal, artificial intelligence prevents people from giving birth at all. However, it’s just doing the job, right?
Artificial intelligence as a professional
There is a philosopher, Nick Bostrom, who uses the paper filler scenario to explain the theory. Imagine a robot who is very good at his job: turning various things into joints. But since it does not have any decision making abilities, the robot starts everything that it will see to turn into junctions, including people. The purpose of this ridiculous example is to demonstrate the fears some experts have of the unintended consequences of artificial intelligence. Theoretically, this is possible. Artificial intelligence becomes so good in its work, so its program will force her to remove everything that disturbs her in fulfilling the task.